A panel of judges selected five books from among the 51 winners of the Booker, a prize that has boosted the careers of writers such as Ian McEwan, Arundhati Roy and Kazuo Ishiguro.
Founded in 1969, the Booker prize was originally open only to British, Irish and Commonwealth writers, but eligibility was expanded in 2014 to all English- language novelists.
The winners from each decade and the overall Golden Booker were announced on Sunday evening at the Royal Festival Hall in London. "As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the prize, it demonstrates the impact and legacy of the man Booker prize, because all the winning books are still pechatayutsya", said Fund Chairman of the Booker prize Baroness Helena Kennedy.
While Ondaatje's "English Patient" listed for the "90s, 'In a Free State by V.S. Naipul represented the '70s, 'Moon Tiger" by Penelope Lively stood for the '80s, Hilary Mantel's Wolf Hall was selected for the 2000s, and last year's victor Lincoln in the Bardo by George Saunders was chosen for the ongoing '10s.
Shamsie said: "The English Patientis that rare novel which gets under your skin and insists you return to it time and again, always yielding a new surprise or delight. This one does", she added.
"The English Patient" won the Booker in 1992, but not outright.
The English Patient was adapted into a film in 1996. Although he is best known as a novelist, Ondaatje's work also encompasses poetry, memoir, and film, and reveals a passion for defying conventional form.
Ondaatje's novel, set during World War II, tells the story of four damaged people brought together in an Italian villa: a severely burned and morphine-addicted man, the young Canadian nurse who tends to him, a former intelligence operative, and a Sikh bomb-disposal expert.
His latest novel is "Warlight", which was released in May and follows two siblings separated from their parents in London in 1945. The only clue Hana has to unlocking his past is the one thing he clung on to through the fire - a copy of The Histories by Herodotus, covered with hand-written notes detailing a tragic love affair.
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